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Attractive umbilicus (belly button) in women
This article addresses two papers on the attractive form of the umbilicus in women.
The images used by the judges to score attractiveness are shown below.
a) b) c)
Fig 1: a) Belly button shapes and prevalence in study 1:(1, pdf) (top, left) T-shaped (37%), (top, right) oval (22%), (middle, left) vertical (17%), (middle, right) horizontal (14%), (bottom) distorted (10%). b) Belly button hooding and prevalence in study 1: (top) superior hood (77%), (middle) protruding (10%), and excessively large (11%). c) Belly button shapes in study 2: (2, pdf) (top, left) hooded oval or T-shaped, (top, middle) oval, (top, right) horizontal, (bottom, left) vertical, (bottom, right) hooded vertical.
The general find of the studies was that a vertical orientation of the umbilicus in women was preferred by most men and women. The t-shaped or hooded oval belly button was optimally preferred. Protruding, distorted and large belly buttons were not found attractive. Study 2 also indicated that more women (7.8%) than men (1.2%) preferred a hooded vertical umbilicus.
I had read before that more men than women have a horizontal orientation of the belly button and hence a preference for a vertical belly button orientation in women is consistent with a preference for femininity in women.
- Craig, S. B., Faller, M. S., & Puckett, C. L. (2000). In search of the ideal female umbilicus. Plast Reconstr Surg, 105(1), 389-392.
- Cavale, N., & Butler, P. E. (2008). The ideal female umbilicus? Plast Reconstr Surg, 121(5), 356e-357e.